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tv   BBC World News  PBS  March 29, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> we are reporting a motion can. gaddafi must go. that is the unanimous consensus for leaders gathered in london. >> we have been hearing sustained artillery fire. the rebels themselves are firing rockets from two positions just ahead. >> supporters of syria's president make a sign of strength as he fires his entire cabinet. have you heard there is a royal wedding in the works? with a month to go, the dos and don'ts.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. "we are here to help the libyan people in their hour of need." that was help david cameron describe the mission at a gathering of leaders in london today. well diplomacy continues to spin, on the ground, rebel forces are still facing stiff resistance. we have coverage on both fronts. we start in london. >> in the middle of conflict, a meeting designed to send clear messages to libya from a broad coalition -- big military powers, arab nations, and islamic organizations. all agreed to adopt the's of violence must stop and the future belongs -- all agreed
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stop and balance must the future belongs to another regime. >> we will support and stand by them as they seek to take control of their own destiny. their courage and determination should be rewarded. a new beginning for libya is within their grasp. we must help them sees it. >> first, sealing colonel gaddafi's fate is key. he sent a message accusing them of launching an offensive in his country akin to hitler's. he said the air strikes by international forces were hellish and barbaric. but there was no sympathy here. >> all of us have to continue the pressure and isolation on the gadhafi regime. this includes a unified front of diplomatic and political pressure that makes clear to gaddafi he must go.
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>> the military pressure is being applied by the american, british, and french-led attacks, tilting the odds in favor of the rebels. so far, coalition support has held. but some countries question how long it can continue and what the end game should be. in this libya conflict, what should come next? turkey, a regional power, once a cease-fire, but negotiations, possibly even allowing gaddafi to stay in power. israel also wants a cease-fire and a political deal with gaddafi leaving the country. britain, france, and the united states are adamant gaddafi must go. they want him to face trial for war crimes, with libyans choosing their next leader. who could shed libyas future? this crucial meeting. the foreign secretary, jabril,
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is a key figure. >> the real aspirations of the libyan people are to be free, to live under a constitutional democratic system where there is a rule of law, all the essential freedoms are guaranteed. >> the opposition team conceded they could need more help defeating colonel gaddafi and welcome suggestions the united states might start arming them. the conference wants a quick and decisive end to this conflict. they are promising greater humanitarian aid as soon as it can be delivered. otherwise, the risk is a stalemate and greater suffering. james robbins, bbc news. >> in the libyan desert, rebel fighters and government forces continued to crash, especially along the coast line east of the country. fighting has been concentrated
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near sirte. some of the heaviest clashes have been around bin jawad. >> the fight for bin jawad. for the rebels, this was a rematch. the were driven from the town last night. today, they were on the offensive again. disorganized, but determined. at the front line, we found them firing their heavy guns. pounding colonel gaddafi is forces with anti-tank rounds and rockets. the rebels' aim to take the site -- take the fight to sirte, his hometown. the fighting has intensified. rebels are trying to push forward up this road toward sirte. but they are meeting of the
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resistance. we have been hearing sustained artillery fire. the rebels are firing rockets from two positions ahead. fighters came rushing back from the front for fresh supplies of ammunition. among them, a defector from the army who says he is fighting for just one thing. >> freedom. >> only freedom, he says. he just wants to live how others live. along the roadside, some paused for prayer while the fight raged around them. soon, the rebels were streaming forward, retaking the town of bin jawad. the enemy tanks had fallen silent. the regime's forces had run. just in case, they started going house-to-house, hunting for any who might have stayed behind. the rebels were jumpy. their victory was tense and it was short-lived.
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soon, the advance became a chaotic and speedy mass retreat after heavy artillery fire from gaddafi forces. once again, the rebels were pushed back, showing how much their progress depends on coalition air strikes paving the way. bbc news, on the outskirts of ras lanuf. >> joining me to discuss diplomatic maneuvers under way is the london bureau chief of "the new york times." >> good to be back with you. >> we have a lot of unanimity at this conference in london, which is fantastic. but cannot win this war on the ground? >> there is a long way to go. all the principals at the conference today, including hillary clinton and david cameron, stressed that. it needs also to be said there was an air of relief.
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they have navigated difficult diplomatic waters in the past two weeks. it was only about two weeks ago that the united states was reluctant to get involved in a no-fly zone. david cameron and nicolas sarkozy effectively marshaled president obama into the corral on that one. they have made a lot of progress since then. there is an underlying confidence that they are going to get the job done. that means getting gaddafi out of libya. >> one of the issues they were dancing around was whether the rebels should be armed or not. is there any unanimity on that front? >> i do not think there is. we are seeing a more assertive american role. the voice which was most marked was, surprisingly, hillary clinton.
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the president was reluctant to engage in this no-fly zone. now you have the united states moving back to this traditional leadership role. this rolls back the previous prohibition on supplying arms to the rebels. she said while there was no plan to do that there was nothing to prevent any country that chose to do it to begin supplying arms. she did not say which country that might be. >> did you get a clear idea of what the political vision for the future of libya might be? especially if khaddafi decided to cling on? >> there is some talk in the corridors of a hope, maybe not more than that, that the gaddafi regime under incremental military pressure will crumble from within.
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that calculation might be made by some of his associates, perhaps even his own son, that as the wing closes around them they would do better to go somewhere, venezuela or zimbabwe, who knows, and try to garner their ill-gotten gains. almost nobody in tripoli can any longer believe that gaddafi can restore the status quo. the duffy is not going to be the unchallenged dictator of libya. they are hoping that they apply more pressure and do not have to fly all the way westward to tripoli. the regime crumbles from within and they get a fairly rapid success in this. but there are also warnings on the floor that this could go on for some considerable time. >> john burns of "the new york times." in a further sign of unrest threat the region, today the
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entire cabinet in syria resigned, after similar moves in egypt and tunisia. there is an attempt to quell a wave of popular protests which have turned deadly over the past few weeks. the president remains firmly in charge. his supporters are making their voices heard in the streets. from damascus, the latest developments. >> tens of thousands on the streets in damascus, the syrian capital. similar scenes in cities elsewhere in the country. unlike protests in other arab countries, these are in favor of the country's rulers. president a son has been in power since 2000-- president assad has been in power since 2000. anti-government forces from the self -- the south advanced on
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six cities on friday, sparking push back from security forces. the violence has now caused some concessions. state television on tuesday broadcast coverage of the pro- government realize -- rallies and abruptly announced resignation of the cabinet. >> the president accepts the resignation of the current prime minister. >> more is now expected from president assad. an address to the nation is promised tomorrow. he is thought he will announce reforms including the end of emergency laws in place for nearly 50 years. but with more anti-government forces -- protests taking place this week, it remains to be seen movements anti-addassad
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are stronger. >> other news from around the world includes a big legal challenge for walmart and a dangerous standoff. up to 30,000 people in the ivory coast have taken refuge in a church compound, trying to escape fighting between forces loyal to gbagbo and ouattara. fighters are pushing on with a major offensive against areas under control of incumbent gbagbo. a shootout in iraq has left over 50 people dead and many more injured. the were suicide bombs, car bombs, and grenades. police maintained a siege until they learn hostages had been killed. but that point, they stormed the building. the u.s. supreme court is hearing evidence from one of the
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largest 60's -- sex discrimination lawsuits in america. women are claiming women -- women who work for walmart claimed they were held back because of their gender. the lawsuit includes more than 1.5 million women. the u.s. department of education finds virginia tech $55,000 for waiting too long to notify students when the massacre was taken place -- was taking place in 2007. the amount imposed was the maximum allowed by law. in japan, 2.5 weeks after disaster, the president said the country is on max on alert over the crippled fukushima nuclear plant. they try to prevent radioactive water from leaking into the sea. the u.s. and u.k. are starting to detect very low levels of radioactive iodine in the air.
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our science correspondent has the story. this does contain flash photography. >> this is the front line of japan's nuclear crisis. teams of workers braving me fukushima -- the fukushima power station. some areas are too contaminated to enter. this picture was taken inside one of the control rooms. a ghostly seen as they check the damage and facing new threat of a flood of contaminated water. authorities are struggling for control of the power station with some games every day, but also set backs. good news is that power is not connected to all four reactor buildings. that means proper cooling is one step closer. reactor two is causing the most concern. that is where the highest radiation has been detected. 15 minutes is the equivalent of the maximum annual those for a
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japanese nuclear worker. it is in tunnels that drain underground that the level of contaminated water has risen, stopping workers from getting inside. somehow, it has to be pumped out. another challenge comes from reactor 3, which uses plutonium in its fuel. it may have leaked out. plutonium has been found at several sites around the power station but is unlikely to get further. whatever the risks of for your activity spreading? in thailand, they are screening fish from japan. half a dozen countries have banned imports from near fukushima. in south korea, they are also checking the fish, clear so far. there are clear traces of radio activity in the air. the winds have circulated minute quantities as far as lasko and oxfordshire. they are totally harmless. >> just living our lives, we get 2.5 milisieverts every year.
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these are very small doses. they are nothing to be concerned about in terms of health risks. >> around the damaged power station, it is a different story. radiation levels are high. contamination is a constant fear. for the people of fukushima, moved out of the exclusion zone, they have no debt -- no idea when or if they will get home. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." just one month to go. details for the royal wedding. an occasional long on tradition. now to our week-long series on the american dream. we showed you how that i deal has changed over the years. perhaps no one is no more connected with the phrase than ronald reagan. the 40th president of the u.s. trumpeted the promise of america
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at a time when optimism was in short supply. recently, i sat down with reagan son to discuss his father's american dream and where it stands now. we talked a lot about the american dream, whether it is still relevant or not. your father, too many people, embodied that dream. do you think that is the way he saw it? >> i think so. small town, midwest, came from nothing. his dad was a shoe salesman who lost his job in the great depression and went to work for the wpa. my father was a small-town life guard. but he wanted to go to hollywood. from a very early age, earlier than he let on, he wanted to go to hollywood. >> were those dreams incorrect? >> i think his mother may have been the only one who encouraged those dreams. his fiancee at the time,
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margaret cleaver, left him over his dreams of going to hollywood. he told his friends in dixon, illinois, "within five years, i will be making $5,000 a week," which at the time was astronomical. he made it just under the wire. >> do you believe in the american dream? >> that is a good question. i don't think i believe in it as wholeheartedly as he did, because i think i have a perception that there are some people for whom the american dream is a very distant prospect. there are some people for whom the dream is much more difficult to attain, by virtue of -- >> it is literally a dream. >> by virtue of the circumstances of their birth, whether economic conditions, their race, or even gender. >> you think it is an overused cliche? >> i do. >> would your father be pleased to find that you had that
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opinion? >> possibly. >> what do you think your father would say today if he was president to make americans feel better? >> he would dream big and think big still. i think it is a mistake at this particular juncture of history for americans to fall back into incrementalism. >> he is an icon in the conservative movement. are you happy the way he is remembered in this country, especially by the conservatives? >> i think it is inevitable. who else are they going to remember that way? richard nixon? i don't think so. but he is a fetish object for the far right. he is the rubber bustiers for the right. they all want to touch him. >> that must be on their mind all the time. >> probably. [laughter] >> thanks very much. what about the british dream?
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or the belgian dream? the american dream series continues with a first-person account of a korean immigrant who now calls new york her home. we have more coverage on our website, with photographs spanning the past few decades. you can tweak in what you think in 140 characters or less. it is at bbc.com/news. across the atlantic, it is the dream of many. prince harry is participating in a charity hike to the north pole. soldiers who are wounded in afghanistan are in the party hoping to raise $3 million. harry will be trading in rough weather gear for something more formal when he serves as his big brother's best man. it may be the most watched women in history. our royal correspondent has a rundown of what to expect and what not to expect. there is flash photography.
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>> weddings are a maze of dos and don'ts at the best of times. imagine the tangle that is a royal wedding. protocol, public expectation, and personal privacy will have to be accommodated. how will prince william and kate middleton make sure april 29 keeps everyone happy? the guest list -- one of the thornier issues of wedding planning, especially when you are inviting almost 2000 people. members of the british monarchy will be there as well as representatives of other european royals. there will be a sprinkling of celebrity. david and victoria become are invited -- beckham are invited. then there are school difference.
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there are some unwritten rules for a royal wedding dress. do think modern but modest. do not go short or to bear. if possible, try to avoid decreases diana had to deal with. >> everyone is thinking it will be classic and probably slim and have structure to it. maybe she'll make a big statement and it will have an effect on wedding dresses in the future. >> as best man, harry was in charge of williams private bachelor party. kate middleton's sister will be made of honor. she may also become cates lady in waiting, effectively her assistant after the wedding. buckingham palace will be the venue of the receptions. that should keep the family happy.
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the first one is a cross-section of the congregation, including charity representatives. the second is a chance to get your hair down. >> the first is a buffet lunch hosted by the clean immediately after the wedding. the invitation you really want is for the evening reception hosted by prince charles. it is advised as dinner and dancing. that is royal speak for a big party. close friends and family only. strictly private. >> i think it is important they do have their private reception with their best friends and close family. they need that human shock absorption around them so they do not get overwhelmed by the media circus. from what i gather from meeting kate, she has a lot of close friends and fantastic family support. that gives us the idea that she will survive the ordeal. >> married life is packed with dos and don'ts. they want always get it right.
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but this relationship has been tested over there nine years together. there is a strong belief within the family that this will be a much-needed long and happy royal marriage. >> for a complete rundown of everything connected to the royal wedding, simply go to our website, where you will find coverage of every detail just -- detail about the event. details about the cake, which guests will be dining, and how the royal kitchen is preparing. what hath my people be wearing? it is all at bbc.com/royal wedding. i am on twitter. you can see what we are working on by our facebook page. we hope you will all tune in tomorrow. from all of us on the program, thank you for watching. see you tomorrow.
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>> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click-to-play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide
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range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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